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As u all know the SEZ act is nothing but the land grabbing tactics of the state from the people. the name to the development diffes from AIRPORT, fllyovers, road widenings ( yes, many people feel that all this is important, so that our cars fit into the road, and we can travel incomfort) In urban senario JNUURM... and in the rural senario it is SEZ as far as my understanding is concerned.

Now the villagers of polepally are terribly feeling bad for signing the land for the simple complensation of Rs.18000 on wards... of course of which they got around two or three thousands at the end. -
 
Complete Case study of the village effected due to sez
 
Story of poelepally farmers of jadcherla from MAHBOOB NAGAR district in Andhra pradesh in India.

 

John Perkins confessed  that he was an "economic hit man" for 10 years, helping U.S. intelligence agencies and multinationals cajole and blackmail foreign leaders into serving U.S. foreign policy and awarding lucrative contracts to American business. "Economic hit men (EHMs) are highly paid professionals who cheat countries around the globe out of trillions of dollars.

 

Perkins writes that his economic projections cooked the books Enron-style to convince foreign governments to accept billions of dollars of loans from the World Bank and other institutions to build dams, airports, electric grids, and other infrastructure he knew they couldn't afford. The loans were given on condition that construction and engineering contracts went to U.S. companies. Often, the money would simply be transferred from one bank account in Washington, D.C., to another one in New York or San Francisco. The deals were smoothed over with bribes for foreign officials, but it was the taxpayers in the foreign countries who had to pay back the loans. When their governments couldn't do so, as was often the case, the U.S. or its henchmen at the World Bank or International Monetary Fund would step in and essentially place the country in trusteeship, dictating everything from its spending budget to security agreements and even its United Nations votes. It was, Perkins writes, a clever way for the U.S. to expand its "empire" at the expense of Third World citizens. While at times he seems a little overly focused on conspiracies, perhaps that's not surprising considering the life he's led. --Alex Roslin
-----------------------

Polepally a village in Jadcherla – District Mahboobnaagar victim of SEZ (Special Economic Zone)

 

There are 1000 acres of land.. 320 families who were marginalized of marginalized,  were given some land may be govt, or they started cultivating and developing..

What ever may be there are 320 families.. who are  sub castes of marginalized castes, and Tribal families. They developed the land investing their sweat,blood and life into the land and developed it for years.

 

Around in 2002 ….

Government officers came to the village. Farmers were happy, thought that their appeals have been heard. People gave appeals to the officials about water, hospital, roads, health problems to children, problems and hospital for cattle and for their children a school and improvement of transportation.

 

After listening to the people giving assurance to the farmers    they said they have come to help the farmers by developing the land, and improve the fertility level of the land. Officials asked the formers to learn about the rational farming methodology, adopt new ways of agriculture. They assured the farmers that they are very much present to help the farmers. Poor farmers believed the officials since they are from the GOVERNMENT. Which always supposed to be accountable. So poor farmers believe and cooperated and allowed them to conduct the survey and take measurements of their lands.

The officials are from revenue departments, take the help from the local governing body members, to reach their target. Most of them are of IAS cadre and passed through Group I and group II levels of entrance tests. They often represent the creamy elite layered sections of this caste-dominated societies. Most of them have studied in village schools, which have utilized and benefited from the countryside resources of our nation. Inherit the class, caste gendered consciousness.

2000…

The official appointee APIIC (Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure corporation) approached the farmers saying that they will have to take over the land to improve it and generate more money and more employment.

 

APIIC have collected land in the name of green park means non polluted echo zone. for the purpose of land acquisition saying that they will raise fruits floury culture. This will improve the income of the farmers from rs. 10/- to rs. 30.

When they realized that the farmers have questions and they are agitating against the govt, then they said they are making the land and identified it as a  growth center in 2004.

Upto 2001 to 2004 the farmers have not agreed for any compensation. So then the strategy was played by the local MLA and the In charge of the APIIC.

One person from corporate sector, one bureaucrat, one regional political party representative were so much united  to cheat the people and made them agree to the offered compensation.

 At this state the  Mr. L. Subrmanyam (IAS) who was the in charge of APIIC told the people that the green park will be shifted to Khammam in case of the non cooperation and they will lose their opportunity to make their village as town.

 The officials made a strategy with the farmers and said they are dividing the land into three sects and priced the land.

a)       near by to the main road. b) Little far away to the main road. C) Far away from the main road. Basing the transportation cost as the criteria.

Farmers started getting doubts and asked the officials that they should get a price as per the fertility and on the based on the soil. 

 So Somehow farmers were convinced. (the leaders can influence people because they are leaders) They said to the people that they are taking the signature to the offer of the package of house and employment to 2 people of each household.

They could manage this with the help of the local TRS (Telangana Rashtra Samithi) leader Lakshma Reddy (MLA jadcherla ) to take the money and took their signatures. (poor telangana people they don’t know what they should do? Whom to depend on? They have been betrayed  for years…………and its always the present continuous thing)

 Then the govt gave it to Aurobindo Pharma company and declared it as SEZ in 2006 September.

 This was widely published by the local campaign group leaders (some leaders are for people – how ever its hard to identify the correct leader at the beginning of the movement only people will know when they experience the leads of the leaders) by local leaders like Mr.  Madhu widely and made people aware about the SEZ. Telangana united activity committee (telangana Ikya karyacharana committee.)

 So this made farmers furious. (mean while the land laborers who work in the farms and raise their livelihood were gone to different places. Migrated as they were in search of food. )

The land owners who lost their land started the agitation  as   they saw the construction in their land was happening  without their participation or their engagement in the process of the ‘development’.

The farmers agitated and started a relay hunger strike in their land. They started ploughing their land. Police started abusing and beating and filed false cases against them, in the section of tress passing in the companies land, against 24 activists.

 CPM party leader, Lakshma reddy (TRS) and Usha rani collector, sending the DRO to assess the situation. The DRO was locked up in the room  by the farmers. Evening the collector said that she is compromising on 3 conditions to the people. (at this movement only few farmers who has not lost any land were present, actually the collector managed to keep only these few people who she thought would agree and believe her)

The conditions were A) lift the cases against the farmers. B) give them houses of 200 yards. C) job for each house hold.

·        In SEZ case when any one promises the things that should be kept in mind are jobs means computer, watch man, security guards, toilet cleaning, and construction laborer. (this laborer will be given work when  construction is happening in his/her land. He/she is not guaranteed of livelihood or work if the land does not belong to her or him.)

·        In the air port of shamshabad, the farmers have lots of stories of this development and work or livelihood.

·        House means – can be hut, or they may consider their own house which is out of construction site and spare it out of demolition.

Here the collector promised that…

She will remove the case. But the fact is when the case is in the pending in the court then how they can remove the case.? How can a collector remove and have the authority to give up the cases without any hearing in the court.

 The leaders who have gone to these talks were nowhere were affected. They agreed and came back and convinced the people. ) But some people who still were not convinced questioned the collector about SEZ. BUT She has denied.

 The agitation was increased, because the collector did not kept her promises. The company started its work. The company says the land owner will be given a laborer for Rs. 120.

The land was priced to the pharmacy company as 9 to 21 lakhs per acre. Least rate is 9 and highiest to 21lakhs. This  was an assigned land ( govt land was allotted to these farmers under Indira Gandhi land scheme later was issued by the  prime minister Sc st bc patta was given) to  300 acres. This was priced for Rs.18 thousand only per acre. The govt here also says that it has not purchased but priced because they have served and protected land for all these years. Since it is the land of the govt, so people/farmers are  getting as service charge.

The patta land 1 lakh 80, thousand per acre. –( around 15 acres)

The rest of the land which was priced for 30 thousand..

The other thing where the farmers were exploited was …

 As per the land acquisition act of Andhra pradesh,  the trees, bores, inclusive of open wells et., should be priced compensation. But they were not given and counted as compensation. The officials have sold the trees and took the money.

They have merged the housing scheme and gave only 90 yards without housing site which was merged with the central  govt housing scheme. (indiramma gruha pathakam)

The other point is …….

The lifting of the case against 24 activists is the issue of the court.

 Employment is a daily wage labor, which was price for unskilled labor(Rs.120/- per day)

In the mean while what happened to the farmers…..

41 members went through unnatural deaths. Most of them lost the faith having no other skill in hand, losing their land and realized that they are not getting anything out of this, and are going to be land less and homeless. They  were  very scared of their own lives, and died due to mental harassment, stress, and heart attacks. Had no work no food, and no money for health. But news papers and officials say that they were already not having food, having some physical problem, and were fighting with wives so they did not give them food so they died.

25th SAKSHIA TELUGU NEWS PAPERS (RUN BY THE GOVT) says that all these are natural deaths. Wives did not give food to the husband because they have some personal clashes. Etc., etc.,

 Clinically we can diagnose if there is any physical sickness, but because they were worried about their land and the future of their children and their own livelihood, they have died due to mental sickness which cannot be revealed through post mortem.

 While the govt had another strategy when it found the agitation is coming from the young people sent them to multinational corporations as security guards to avoid agitation? 

 Small children were sent to Dabas in the name of education but given jobs in the restaurants as peons or hotel boys for the  livelihood and rest who were left in the villages were widows, old women and men and infants, and these contractors, or officials who “take care/manage of the rest of the people”. 

The other rule that was violated is that the fertile lands should not be collected for SEZ. But here the lands were fertile. and fruits, mangoes, flowers and maize, rice was cultivated..

The list of the people who have died due to the stress… are follows…

 

S.No

Name of the cultivator

Father name

Age

Community

Family members

Land extent

01

Kanduri Narasaiah

Nagaiah

50

SC

04

02 Acres

02

Panuganti Ramaiah

Massaiah

48

SC

03

04

03

Ushani Balaiah

ChinnaRamaiah

50

SC

05

05

04

Sale Narayana

Narayana

48

BC

06

05

05

Edla Narsaiah

Masaiah

48

SC

02

02

06

Kanduri Buchaiah

Nagaiah

50

SC

02

02

07(F

Etti Usamma

Ramaiah

45

SC

02

01

08

Depalli Yenkaiah

Chennaih

50

SC

03

01

09

Kanduri Balaiah

Nagaiah

51

SC

03

01

10

Chinna Pentaiah

Kesanna

52

SC

06

02

11

Mathari Balaiah

Balaiah

50

SC

01

04

12

Thappeta Ramulu

Balaiah

46

SC

06

08

13

Kanduri Chennaiah

Nagaiah

50

SC

04

02

14(F

Mathari Sayamma

Ramaiah

50

SC

04

05

15

EnmagandlaPentaiah

Balaiah

40

BC

04

7.50

16

BandapaliSankaraiah

Narasimulu

35

BC

04

8.50

17(F

Bandapalli Sasikala

WO Sankaraiah

30

BC

--do--

--do--

18

Naddi Sankaraiah

Narasimulu

35

BC

02

10.00

19

Enmagandla Balaiah

Ramaiah

45

SC

04

02

20

EnmagandlaPentaiah

Thuppalaiah

48

SC

03

3.50

21

Kongali Posanna

Yellaiah

55

SC

03

01

22

Panuganati Ramaiah

MO Venkatama

55

SC

02

02

23(F

Kanduri Edamma

WO Balaiah

50

SC

02

1.50

24

Palamuri Srisailam

Chandraih

30

BC

06

06

25

Etti Istaraih

Sayanna

55

SC

04

03

26

Etti Ramaiah

Anthaiah

55

SC

01

01

27

Narsaiah

Anthaiah

50

SC

01

01

28(F

Katika Rambai

WORamcandra

45

BC

03

02

29

Katika Kristamma

WO Nagoji

40

BC

03

02

30

Kanduri Laxmaiah

Chennaiah

50

SC

06

01

31

Cherumeedi Krisna

Bachanna

25

SC

------

04

32

PanuganatiBalaiah

Posaiah

48

SC

04

1.50

33

Sonyanaik

Bojyanaik

50

ST

06

14.00

34

Kotyanaik

Gemyanaik

55

ST

06

2.50

35

Chendrinaik

Gemyanaik

55

ST

03

2.50

36

Deeplanaik

Gemyanaik

50

ST

09

03

37

Seetyanaik

Nanyanaik

55

ST

04

06

38

Ramchandranaik

Bodiyanaik

45

ST

08

03

39

Badrunaik

Bodiyanaik

40

ST

04

06

40

Balunaik

Bodiyanaik

43

ST

06

03

41

Badyanaik

Takrunaik

45

ST

01

01

 

 

If one hears the case study of the each affected family, and give people awareness publicly.. then may be people will realize, may be, we can link this issue with price rise, issue of the hunger deaths, increase of trafficking, increase in violence against women and girl children, increase in beggars, increase of homeless, increase in street children…

Is  patch work of food security program, 2/- rice, loan for 2/- interest, arogysy sree scheme a solution to this problem or the election funda.

 

The discussions in the jedcherla… dharna, hearings of the women, round table conference, and narration from Madhu on the issue.

From our organization we have attended the dharna and round table conference with the view of women’s property rights, land rights, and housing rights and violation of these rights and women’s vulnerability due to private violence and senseless policies.

Women are married to men because they have some land, or some livelihood option.. but they lose their land, do not even benefited by the compensation or rehabilitation packages due to so many cultural, customary practices, and exploitation.

They become more vulnerable, face violence, lose family, lose sons, husbands, and livelihood.

 

V. Usha rani

Sannihita

Hyderabad

 


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